#Borders – the Act of Union of Bessarabia with Romania

With the Act of Union of March 1918, the regional parliament (Sfatul Țării) decided the union of Bessarabia with the Kingdom of Romania.

At first it was a conditional treaty, which preserved the autonomy of the region, but after the unconditional union of Bucovina in November 1918, Bessarabia was annexed completely.

The union was recognized by the United Kingdom, France, and Italy, in the 1920  Treaty of Paris (1920). These document come from the National Archives of Romania, The National Historical Central Archives, Președinția Consiliului de Miniștri, ds. 34/1918, f. 1.

 

March 27th, 1918

The Act of Union – by which the regional parliament (Sfatul Țării) decided Bessarabia’s union with the Kingdom of Romania. First, it was a conditional union (keeping the autonomy, included), but after the unconditional union of Bucovina (November, 1918) they dropped out of conditions. The union was recognized by the United Kingdom, France and Italy in the Treaty of Paris (1920).

 

(1)ANR, fond Președinția Consiliului de Miniștri, ds. 34_1918

 

The ethnological map of Bessarabia, drawn by Alexis Nour, based on russian and german maps and bessarabian local authorities statistics.

(2)ANR, colectia Harti, C VI 43

 

Ion Inculeț, the President of Sfatul Țării, the regional parliament of Bessarabia.

(3)ANR, colectia Documente fotografice, I 10708

The members of Sfatul Țării, the regional parliament of Bessarabia.

(4)ANR, colectia Documente fotografice, IV 234

March 30th, 1918 – Iassy. King Ferdinand and Queen Mary celebrating the Union of Bessarabia with Romania.

(5)ANR, Documente fotografice, II 70

April 9th, 1919.  The law by which Ferdinand, King of Romania, enacts the Union of Bessarabia.

Image from the coal mine in Kërraba, Tirana (before 1944) - Photographic Archive of the Central State Archives in Albania

#IndustrialHeritage – Celebrating Europe at work

Image from the coal mine in Kërraba, Tirana (before 1944) - Photographic Archive of the Central State Archives in Albania
Image from the coal mine in Kërraba, Tirana (before 1944) – Photographic Archive of the Central State Archives in Albania

After the success of #AllezDemocracy, we just started a new campaign showcasing archival content from the Archives Portal Europe. #IndustrialHeritage will celebrate the archival material on factories, workplaces, workers, entrepreneurs, innovators, merchants, and industrial landscapes from all over Europe, not only in the 19th and 20th century but throughout history.

Just follow the hashtag #IndustrialHeritage on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, and discover the fantastic archival heritage on businesses in Europe. The campaign is organised in cooperation with Camera – the Italian Centre for photography archives and the cultural association Pentesilea.