#Borders – the Act of Union of Bessarabia with Romania

With the Act of Union of March 1918, the regional parliament (Sfatul Țării) decided the union of Bessarabia with the Kingdom of Romania.

At first it was a conditional treaty, which preserved the autonomy of the region, but after the unconditional union of Bucovina in November 1918, Bessarabia was annexed completely.

The union was recognized by the United Kingdom, France, and Italy, in the 1920  Treaty of Paris (1920). These document come from the National Archives of Romania, The National Historical Central Archives, Președinția Consiliului de Miniștri, ds. 34/1918, f. 1.

 

March 27th, 1918

The Act of Union – by which the regional parliament (Sfatul Țării) decided Bessarabia’s union with the Kingdom of Romania. First, it was a conditional union (keeping the autonomy, included), but after the unconditional union of Bucovina (November, 1918) they dropped out of conditions. The union was recognized by the United Kingdom, France and Italy in the Treaty of Paris (1920).

 

(1)ANR, fond Președinția Consiliului de Miniștri, ds. 34_1918

 

The ethnological map of Bessarabia, drawn by Alexis Nour, based on russian and german maps and bessarabian local authorities statistics.

(2)ANR, colectia Harti, C VI 43

 

Ion Inculeț, the President of Sfatul Țării, the regional parliament of Bessarabia.

(3)ANR, colectia Documente fotografice, I 10708

The members of Sfatul Țării, the regional parliament of Bessarabia.

(4)ANR, colectia Documente fotografice, IV 234

March 30th, 1918 – Iassy. King Ferdinand and Queen Mary celebrating the Union of Bessarabia with Romania.

(5)ANR, Documente fotografice, II 70

April 9th, 1919.  The law by which Ferdinand, King of Romania, enacts the Union of Bessarabia.

Passport of the photographer Alfonso Sánchez Portela. - Documentos de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid de la Sección PS-MADRID del Gobierno de España. Ministerio de Educación Cultura y Deporte. Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (CDMH), PS-MADRID,1870,1,433

New content on the Archives Portal Europe

Official photographers of the Spanish Civil War

The National Archives of Spain published a new, very interesting collection on the official photographers working in Spain during the Civil War. It includes information on the work of all photographers and journalists working as war correspondents between 1936 and 1939. Many prestigious names are present in this collection, such as Robert Capa, Gerda Taro, and Alfonso Sánchez Portela “Alfonso”.

Passport of the photographer Alfonso Sánchez Portela. - Documentos de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid de la Sección PS-MADRID del Gobierno de España. Ministerio de Educación Cultura y Deporte. Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (CDMH), PS-MADRID,1870,1,433
Passport of the photographer Alfonso Sánchez Portela. – Documentos de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid de la Sección PS-MADRID del Gobierno de España. Ministerio de Educación Cultura y Deporte. Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (CDMH), PS-MADRID,1870,1,433

The collection from the Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (Centre for the preservation of Historical Memory) includes more than 500 items and is now available via the Archives Portal Europe.

Looking up to the stars – Observatoire de Paris and more

The portal FranceArchives is the national aggregator of French archives to the Archives Portal Europe, conducting a major update this month, which added 20 new departmental archives, four city archives, and the Observatoire de Paris, the astronomical observatory of Paris to the content available on the portal.

These new additions, 10,000 new collections including links to about 250,000 digital objects, showcase the richness of French archival resources on international topics, and they allow to discover unknown fonds such as those of city councils like the City Archives of Buissard in the Hautes-Alpes.

Among the collections that have priority in the digitisation, archivists have given special attention to those that describe private fonds, iconographic fonds, often revealing unexpected documents. Two examples of these treasures can now be found on the Archives Portal Europe: the archives of the Protat printing house at the Departmental Archives of the Saône-et-Loire, or the fonds of the Quaker Bernard Ireland Macalpine (1886-1948), digitised by the Departmental Archives of la Marne.

Premier album photographique de Bernard Ireland Macalpine (2e partie du fonds). Archives départementales de la Marne, 1 Num 63 1-9 - 1 Num 63/2 .
Premier album photographique de Bernard Ireland Macalpine (2e partie du fonds). Archives départementales de la Marne, 1 Num 63 1-9 – 1 Num 63/2 .